From what I understand, Metaxas was a somewhat controversial figure in Greece. However, he is the one who stood his ground against the Axis Powers when they wanted Greece to allow occupation during World War II without a fight.
I guess at the time, a representative from Italy gave Metaxas an ultimatum from Mussolini. I heard somewhere that what he really said was: “Alors, c’est la guerre.” Which means, then it is war. The Greek people translated it as "Oxi".
In my mind, this is Philotimo. Standing against Italy and the Axis Powers was the right thing to do.
Does anyone know why Metaxas is generally considered controversial? Does it have to do with Oxi day or something else?