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dpappas87

Active member
I never really stopped to think about the history of the Greek flag and I want to share that knowledge with my kids. I need to figure out what it is first. I have this feeling the history is rich because I've seen different, older versions of the flag.

Could anyone shed some light on the following aspects:
  • Origins: When was the Greek flag officially adopted, and were there any significant events that led to its creation?
  • Symbolism: What do the colors and the cross represent? Are there any historical or cultural significance behind these elements?
  • Evolution: Has the flag undergone any changes throughout the years? If so, what prompted these changes?
  • Legends/Myths: Are there any interesting legends or anecdotes surrounding the inception or adoption of the flag?
Thanks!
 
I found some facts and did some research. I was curious, too!

  1. Origin Story: The exact origins of the Greek flag are a bit of a mystery, but it's widely believed to have gained prominence during the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. The revolutionary flag featuring the blue and white colors was hoisted on March 25, 1821, marking the beginning of the struggle for independence.
  2. Symbolic Colors: The Greek flag's blue and white stripes are often said to represent the Greek skies and the white-capped waves of the Aegean Sea. While the interpretation is poetic, historically, the colors are also thought to stand for freedom ("Eleftheria") and death ("Thanatos")—evocative of the sacrifices made during the War of Independence.
  3. The Cross: Dominating the flag's upper left corner is a blue square with a white cross. This emblem is reflective of Greece's deep roots in the Greek Orthodox Church, which played a formative role in the development of modern Greek identity.
  4. Stripes Count: The nine stripes on the flag are said to symbolize the syllables in the phrase "Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος" (Eleftheria i Thanatos), which translates to "Freedom or Death," a motto associated with the Greek War of Independence. Some also say they represent the nine muses from Greek mythology.
 

Cave Divers Capture Breathtaking Footage of Lake Vouliagmeni Tunnels.

Posting this takes me back to my years living in Ano Glyfada when I often wandered what and why was there a lake in Vouliagmeni!Underwander!
The season finale shows how there were once elephants living on the island of Crete, but, most importantly, it sees the team return to Lake Vouliagmeni, where they make yet another breakthrough.... Fascinating how our world and eachother are connected!👏🌍🌎🙏
https://greekreporter.com/2024/05/0...athtaking+Footage+of+Lake+Vouliagmeni+Tunnels

Information About the Dorian Invasion

I recently came across a reference to the "Dorian Invasion" while reading about ancient Greek history, and I'm curious to learn more about this event. From what I understand, it seems to have been a significant period of upheaval, but the details are still a bit unclear to me.

Could anyone provide a detailed explanation or point me toward some reliable resources?

I'd appreciate any insights, book recommendations, or articles that could help me learn about it. Thanks in advance for your help!

Greek Independence Day History

Greek Independence Day is coming up! I thought I would share a bit that I know about the history. Please chime in with corrections or anything to add!
  1. The Spark of Revolution: Greek Independence Day marks the day in 1821 when the Greeks began their revolt against the Ottoman Empire, a state that had controlled Greece for nearly 400 years. This revolt was influenced by the surge of nationalism throughout Europe and inspired by the Enlightenment ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  2. A Poet’s Declaration: The revolution officially began after Bishop Germanos of Patras raised the Greek flag at the Monastery of Agia Lavra in Peloponnese, symbolizing the call to arms. However, it was rumored that the war of independence was actually declared a few days earlier by Alexandros Ypsilantis, a Greek national hero, in the Danubian Principalities.
  3. International Support: The Greek fight for independence was not just a local effort; it garnered substantial international support from prominent figures such as Lord Byron from Britain, who notably spent his own money and later died in Greece, contributing to the Greek cause. This international backing was crucial for the morale of the Greek fighters and helped in diplomatic efforts later on.
  4. The Battle of Navarino: A pivotal point in the Greek War of Independence was the Battle of Navarino in 1827, where the combined fleets of Britain, France, and Russia defeated the Ottoman and Egyptian fleets. This naval battle marked a significant turning point that led to the eventual independence of Greece.
  5. Recognition and Autonomy: Greek Independence was formally recognized in 1830 by the Treaty of London. However, full sovereignty and the delineation of the Greek borders were not achieved until later. It allowed the foundation of the modern Greek state, under the governance of King Otto from Bavaria.

How did the Mycenaean civilization fall?

I'm curious about the decline of the Mycenaean civilization. I know they were a dominant force in ancient Greece during the Late Bronze Age, but I'm not clear on how their civilization came to an end. What were the main factors that contributed to their fall? Were there specific events, invasions, or internal issues that led to their decline? Additionally, how did this collapse affect the broader Greek world at the time? Any insights or recommended readings on this topic would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance!
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